Playing video games is a valid way to unwind after work and may be the preferred coping method of some people, according to an article published in the Journal of Media Psychology1. Especially now, in this time of lockdowns and quarantines, gaming has gained attention as a potential tool in reducing anxiety and maintaining good mental well-being.
In that light, let us use this occasion to take a very brief look at some of the results of research into the effects of video games.
On July 15th, 1983, the Nintendo Family Computer (Famicom) was launched in Japan. Even before that, other companies had been manufacturing and selling video game consoles. In fact, there are ‘generations’ of video game consoles, just as there are generations of computers. The Famicom is considered part of the third generation of video game consoles.
All in all, home video game consoles—and video games in general, in the form of arcade games—have been around for almost fifty years at the time of this writing. Researchers have studied the effects of video games on those who play it, as well as the effects on society at large.
There have been many controversies surrounding video games, especially pertaining to its negative social effects such as violence, with many highly publicized violent incidents2 having been tied to video games, despite insufficient evidence to support the idea that video games are linked to violent behavior3. While negative effects should not be ignored, there is another side to this coin, and we should also consider the benefits of playing video games.
Take, for example, spatial ability. Having strong spatial ability in early childhood is correlated with future interest and success in STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) fields, but such ability is not hard-wired and can improve with practice. In one study, participants playing Portal 2 showed improvements in spatial ability and other cognitive and noncognitive skills.
By the way, conventional wisdom tells us that programmers tend to be gamers as well. Research bears this out; playing games, in general, is associated with an increase in confidence with computers and interest in computer science.
At the end of the day, playing video games is not harmful per se. If it helps you unwind after a stressful day at work, or if it helps you cope with the current pandemic, why not?
- Reinecke, Leonard. Journal of Media Psychology (2009), 21, pp. 126-142. https://doi.org/10.1027/1864-122.214.171.124. © 2009 Hogrefe Publishing. (Retrieved 22 July 2020.)
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Video_game_controversies#Publicized_incidents (Retrieved 22 July 2020.)
- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Violence_and_video_games#Studies (Retrieved 22 July 2020.)